An Overview to Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid disorders are one of the most common medical conditions that are commonly misdiagnosed as the symptoms of these disorders appear only gradually. Over 20 million people take treatment for some type of thyroid disorders in America. These are up to eight times more common in women than in men.

Women have a higher chance of getting thyroid disorders if they have a personal or family history of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, pernicious anemia, prematurely graying hair, vitiligo or other autoimmune disease. The three most common thyroid disorders include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid nodules. Hypothyroidism is one of the thyroid disorders which are mainly caused due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis. This makes the body's immune system attack the thyroid gland by mistake.

Some of the common symptoms include fatigue or lack of energy, weight gain, feeling cold, dry skin and hair, heavy menstrual periods, constipation, and slowed thinking. Hypothyroidism is one of the thyroid disorders which increase the level of serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). This type is usually treated by taking thyroid hormone in pill form on a daily basis. Hyperthyroidism is one of the thyroid disorders mainly caused when the body's immune system over stimulates the thyroid. Some of the common symptoms of this type include jitteriness, shaking, increased nervousness, irritability, rapid heart beat or palpitations, feeling hot, and weight loss.

Some of the other common symptoms of this type of disorder include fatigue, feeling exhausted, more frequent bowel movements, and shorter or lighter menstrual periods. This type of thyroid disorders is diagnosed by performing a test to find the level of Free T4 and level of TSH in the blood. Thyroid nodules, is one of the other disorders that are fairly common and usually harmless. Fine needle aspiration biopsy is performed to diagnose this type of thyroid disorders.




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