Treatment for hyperthyroidism - An Overview

Till date no single treatment for hyperthyroidism is available that acts best for all the patients suffering due to various types of thyroid dysfunctions. There are various factors that enable a physician to decide the type of treatment to be used in an individual. Some of the factors that help decide a treatment for hyperthyroidism include age of the patient, the form of hyperthyroidism, the severity of the disease and other medical conditions of the patient.

Some of the common methods of treatment for hyperthyroidism available today include drug therapy, radioactive iodine therapy, and surgery and each treatment works in a unique way in each patient. Antithyroid medications are used as part of the treatment for hyperthyroidism for patients with sustained forms of hyperthyroidism, such as Grave's disease or toxic nodular goiter. The main use of antithyroid medications as part of the treatment for hyperthyroidism is to prevent the thyroid gland from producing hormones.

Methimazole and propylthiouracil (PTU) are some of the widely used medications as part of the treatment, which help prevent the thyroid gland from producing hormones. The antithyroid drugs prescribed as part of the treatment for hyperthyroidism can cause side effects such as rash, itching, or fever rarely.Radioactive iodine is the most widely recommended permanent treatment for hyperthyroidism. This treatment involves giving a radioactive form of iodine that gives off a poisonous type of radiation to the thyroid gland.

The thyroid cells which absorb the radiation will be damaged or killed. This method of treatment takes one to two months for the infected thyroid cells to completely get destroyed. Most of the patients are cured with a single dose of this method of treatment for hyperthyroidism. Surgical removal of the thyroid gland or nodule is another treatment for hyperthyroidism that provides permanent cure for this type of thyroid dysfunction. Surgery performed as part of the treatment involves removing all or part of the gland and is not used frequently as other treatment methods.




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