Severe Cause of Headaches
Headaches involve mild to severe pain in one or other parts of the head as well as the back of the neck. There are many different kinds of headache patterns and a variety of causes. While painful and annoying, the greater part of headaches does not indicate a serious disorder and, in non-chronic cases, may be relieved by medicines or changes in lifestyle.
There is no only one cause of headaches. A number of causes have been identified which fall into two common categories. Tension headache results from contraction of head and neck muscles. It is the most common form of headache. It can occur in people of either sex and at any age but it is mainly common in adults and adolescents. Tension headache generally occurs in isolated incidents but can become chronic for a few people. Possible causes of muscle contraction associated with tension headaches. The other category is migraine headache this type of headache occurs when blood vessels of the head and neck constrict, resulting in a decrease in blood flow to the vessels.
Migraine is typically experienced as a hurting pain on one part of the head with an associated feeling of sickness and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines are known to involve more women than men and are often chronic.
In tension headaches there will painful and irritating, the majorities of headaches do not indicate a serious disorder and, in non-chronic cases, may be relieved by medicines or changes in lifestyle. Tension headache generally occurs in remote occurrences but can become chronic for some people. Probable causes of muscle contraction associated with tension headaches include: stress, poor posture, eyestrain, tobacco, alcohol, and in women the hormonal changes occurring before and after menstrual period.
In migraine headaches is takes place when blood vessels of the head and neck constrict, resulting in a decrease in blood flow to the vessels. Some of the reasons that have been identified as being associated with migraines are family history of migraine, prolonged muscle tension and stress, lack of sleep, certain foods such as chocolate, nuts and fermented or pickled condiments, as well as foods containing the amino acid and foods containing preservatives and non-natural sweeteners.
Most people with tension headaches generally avail themselves to over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory, or self-treatment such as relaxation and sleep. For chronic headaches contact your doctor to talk about possible causes and prevention. If symptoms are present your doctor should be contacted immediately: an unexpected, severe headache accompanied by nausea and vomiting, persistent and frequent headaches accompanied by memory problems, difficulty concentrating and tiredness, persistent vision disturbances, trouble controlling arms and legs, loss of feeling in the arms and legs, tiredness and apathy with difficulty communicating.
An exact history of any earlier illnesses, family background, diet and lifestyle is critical to help the doctor decide whether to perform further tests and to counsel on treatment. The doctor will ask for information regarding to the headache, its length, duration, location, associated features, quality and causative factors. For headaches with signal of a chronic or more serious disorder, the following problem-solving procedures might be performed, usually following assessment by a specialist. A 'headache' diary is very helpful to help your doctor figure out what kind of treatment is appropriate for diagnosis.
Make a note of when the pain started and how long it lasts and note down any additional factors that appear most important such as what has been drunk and eaten, the intake of medicines, daily activities, details about periods if you are a woman, and weather conditions. If you are not capable to find a connection it might be a good idea to show the diary to a doctor, who may be able to ask pertinent questions that will help identify a pattern.
Prescription medicines may be supportive for other types of headache pain such as chronic migraines. In migraine the most effective treatment is a clarification of the problem and identifying and avoiding trigger factors. There are a variety of treatments available for relieving acute attacks, starting with over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen. These are most effective if taken as early as possible into the attack, if possible in a soluble form.
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