How to control high blood pressure safely?

It has long been understood that high blood pressure is a risk factor for stroke. Now there is a new report that high blood pressure even when you're younger increases the risk of stroke decades later.

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE is a serious condition. Yet both doctors and patients often don't treat it as such. Here's what you need to know.Blood pressure refers to the force with which your blood travels through your arteries. High blood pressure is dangerous because over time, blood pushing hard against the walls of blood vessels damages them.

A blood pressure measurement consists of two numbers, written as a fraction, such as 120/80 mmHg. The first number, which is always higher, is called the systolic pressure. The systolic pressure is the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The second number is the diastolic pressure. It is the pressure in your arteries between heartbeats. For best health, your systolic pressure should be 120 or lower, and your diastolic pressure, 80 or lower.

High blood pressure is defined as a systolic pressure 140 mmHg or higher or a diastolic pressure 90 mmHg or higher. However, because high blood pressure is extra dangerous for people with diabetes, the American Diabetes Association recommends keeping blood pressure at 130/80 mmHg or lower.

A study found that at least 65 million Americans have hypertension, defined as blood pressure of 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher, using blood-pressure-lowering medications, or having been told at least twice by a physician or other health professional that they had high blood pressure. By that definition, almost a third of U.S. adults have hypertension.


A new study, called DASH-Sodium, has made it clear that a healthy diet can keep blood pressure from rising as quickly as it does on a typical American diet. DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) caps decades of research on how foods, salt, exercise, and weight affect blood pressure.

Lifestyle changes

The change in the lifestyle may bring out good results for the High blood pressure. They are: -

Healthful diet that is low in fat and high in fruits and vegetables should be included by the high blood pressure sufferers. Foods rich in potassium, magnesium, and calcium are particularly helpful to them.

Limit the amount of salt you eat.Eat lots of low-fat dairy products. Don't smoke at all. Aerobic exercise may be practiced regularly--but check with your doctor first to choose exercises that won't harm you. Lift weights or do other resistance exercises, if your doctor says it's okay.

Overweighed individual should reduce their weights. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. Do practice stress-reduction techniques.

These steps alone often are not enough to bring blood pressure down to normal. In that case, your doctor will also have you take blood pressure pills. Most people with diabetes need a combination of different pills to control blood pressure completely.

Inclusion of Folic acid in the diet

Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston found that Folic acid lowers the risk of high blood pressure in women. This folic acid also called folate is native to citrus fruits; tomatoes; leafy green vegetables such as spinach and romaine lettuce; beaus such as pinto, navy and kidney; and grain products. It is evident that folate is effective whether from food sources or supplements.





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