How to lower high blood pressure easily?
Beta-blockers-they remain useful medications in treating hypertension, especially in patients with a fast heartbeat while resting, cardiac chest pain, or a recent heart attack For example, beta-blockers appear to improve long-term survival when given to patients who have had a heart attack.
Whether beta-blockers can prevent heart problems in patients with hypertension any more than other anti-hypertensive medications, Beta-blockers may be considered for treatment of hypertension because they also may treat co-existing medical problems. Beta-blockers can help treat chronic anxiety or migraine headaches in people with hypertension. The common side effects of these drugs include depression, fatigue, nightmares, sexual impotence in males, and increased wheezing in people with asthma. The beta-blockers include atenolol, propranolol, metoprolol, nadolol, betaxolol, acebutolol, pindolol, and bisoprolol.
Diuretics -Diuretics is among the oldest known medications for treating hypertension. They work in the tiny tubes of the kidneys to remove salt from the body. Water also may be removed along with the salt. Diuretics may be used as single drug treatment for hypertension. More frequently, low doses of diuretics are used in combination with other anti-hypertensive medications to enhance the effect of the other medications. The diuretic hydrochlorothiazide works in the far end part of the kidney tubules to increase the amount of salt that is removed from the body in the urine. In a low dose of 12.5 to 25 mg per day, this diuretic may improve the blood pressure-lowering effects of other anti-hypertensive drugs. The idea is to treat the hypertension without causing the adverse effects that are sometimes seen with the higher doses of hydrochlorothiazide. These side effects include potassium depletion and elevated levels of triglyceride, uric acid, and glucose in the blood.
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) -Calcium channel blockers inhibit the movement of calcium into the muscle cells of the heart and arteries. The calcium is needed for these muscles to contract. These drugs, therefore, lower blood pressure by decreasing the force of the heart's pumping action and relaxing the muscle cells in the walls of the arteries. Three major types of calcium channel blockers are used. One type is the dihydropyridines, which do not slow the heart rate or cause other abnormal heart rates or rhythms.
These drugs include amlodipine, sustained release nifedipine, felodipine, and nisoldipine. The other two types of calcium channel blockers are referred to as the non-dihydropyridine agents. One type is verapamil and the other is diltiazem. Both the dihydropyridines and the non-dihydropyridines are very useful when used alone or in combination with other anti-hypertensive agents. The non-dihydropyridines, however, are not recommended in congestive heart failure or with certain arrhythmias. Sometimes, these same dihydropyridines are useful in preventing certain other arrhythmias.
Alpha-blockers-Alpha-blockers lower blood pressure by blocking alpha-receptors in the smooth muscle of peripheral arteries throughout the tissues of the body. The alpha-receptors are part of the sympathetic nervous system, as are the beta-receptors. The alpha-receptors, however, serve to narrow the peripheral arteries. Accordingly, the alpha-blockers cause the peripheral arteries to widen and thereby lower the blood pressure. Recent evidence, suggests that using alpha-blockers alone as a first line drug choice for hypertension may actually increase the risk of heart-related problems, such as heart attacks or strokes.
Alpha-blockers, therefore, should not be used as an initial drug choice for the treatment of high blood pressure. Examples of alpha-blockers include terazosin and doxazosin. Clonidine-Clonidine is an antihypertensive drug that works centrally. It works in a control center for the sympathetic nervous system in the brain. The drug is referred to as a central alpha agonist because it stimulates alpha-receptors in the brain. The result of this central stimulation is to decrease the sympathetic nervous system outflow and to decrease the stiffness of the peripheral arteries.
Clonidine lowers the blood pressure, by relaxing the peripheral arteries throughout the body. This drug is useful as a second or third line drug choice for lowering blood pressure when other anti-hypertensive medications have failed. It also may be useful on an as-needed basis to control or smooth out fluctuations in the blood pressure. This drug tends to cause dryness of the mouth and fatigue so that some patients do not tolerate it. Coniine comes in an oral form or as a sustained release skin patch.
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