Natural way of treating high blood pressure
When our blood pressure increases more than 140/90 mmhg, we are diagnosed as hypertensive. As the hypertension can lead to stroke and heart attack, we need to show concern about it at the earliest. Lifestyle modifications refer to certain specific recommendations for changes in habits, diet and exercise. These modifications can lower the blood pressure as well as improve a patient's response to blood pressure medications. They are discussed below.
People who drink alcohol excessively i.e. two drinks per day or more, have two times increase in the prevalence of hypertension. The association between alcohol and high blood pressure is particularly noticeable when the alcohol intake exceeds 4 to5 drinks per day. The connection is a dose-related phenomenon. In other words, the more alcohol that is consumed, the stronger is the link with hypertension. Smoking-Although smoking increases the risk of vascular complications for example, heart disease and stroke, in people who already have hypertension; it is not associated with an increase in the development of hypertension. Smoking a cigarette can produce an immediate, temporary rise in the blood pressure of 5 to10 mm Hg. Steady smokers however, actually may have a lower blood pressure than nonsmokers. This is because the nicotine in the cigarettes causes a decrease in appetite, which leads to weight loss. This, in turn, lowers the blood pressure.
In one study, the caffeine consumed in 5 cups of coffee daily caused a mild increase in blood pressure in elderly people who already had hypertension, the same does not happen to those have normal blood pressures. The combination of smoking and drinking coffee in persons with high blood pressure may increase the blood pressure more than coffee alone. Limiting caffeine intake and cigarette smoking in hypertensive individuals, is very essential in controlling their high blood pressure. Salt-The American Heart Association recommends that the consumption of dietary salt should be less than 6 grams of salt per day for normal population and a lower level i.e. less than 4 grams, for people with hypertension. To achieve a diet containing less than 4 grams of salt, a person should not add salt to their food or cooking. , The amount of natural salt in the diet can be estimated from the labeling information provided with most purchased foods.
Obesity is common among hypertensive patients, and its prevalence increases with age. In fact, obesity determines the increased incidence of high blood pressure with age. Obesity can contribute to hypertension in several possible ways. Obesity leads to a greater output of blood because the heart has to pump out more blood to supply the excess tissue. The increased cardiac output then can raise the blood pressure. Obese hypertensive individuals have a greater stiffness in their peripheral arteries throughout the body. In addition, insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome described previously occur more frequently in the obese.
Finally, obesity may be associated with a tendency for the kidneys to retain salt. Weight loss may help reverse problems related to obesity and also lowering the blood pressure. It has been estimated that the blood pressure can be decreased 0.32 mm Hg for every 1 kg of weight lost down to ideal body weight for the individual. Very obese people have a syndrome called sleep apnea. This syndrome is characterized by the periodic interruption of normal breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea may contribute to the development of hypertension. This happens because the repeated episodes of apnea cause a lack of oxygen known as hypoxia. The hypoxia then causes the adrenal gland to release adrenalin and related substances. The adrenalin and related substances cause a rise in the blood pressure.
exercise program may help lower blood pressure over the long term. For
example, activities such as jogging, bicycle riding, or swimming for
30 to 45 minutes daily may ultimately lower blood pressure by as much
as 5 to15 mm Hg. Moreover, there appears to be a relationship between
the amount of exercise and the degree to which the blood pressure is
lowered. Thus, the more you exercise, the more you lower the blood pressure.
The beneficial response of the blood pressure to exercise occurs only
with aerobic exercise programs. Therefore, any exercise program must
be recommended or approved by an individual's physician. The exercise
can be very well done at home. It is cost effective and less time consuming.
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