Why Your Body Needs Vitamins for its Day to Day Functions

Vitamin A

Carotene from vegetable sources and retinol from animal sources are the main constituents of Vitamin A.

Deep green or yellow-orange tinted, and the darker the color of the fruits and vegetables that are rich in Vitamin A shows the higher content of retinol.

Upon digestion by the human system, the carotene and beta-carotene gets transformed into vitamin A.

Vitamin A is a strong antioxidant that is needed for good vision, that is particularly in the structure of alpha carotene and beta carotene.

It is helpful in preventing night blindness and also required for growth, fixation and protection of bones, teeth, skin, hair and mucous membranes. Beta carotene is helpful in preventing heart diseases and cancer.

Vitamin B

Vitamin B1 otherwise known as Thiamin is important for the metabolic process and for the working and development of nerves and muscles.

It is essential for the fabrication of energy from glucose. Hence you will require more of vitamin B when you consume more carbohydrate. This vitamin also helps increase mental vigilance.

Alzheimer’s disease in elderly persons can be prevented by taking more of Thiamin.Also Alcoholics should consume an adequate supply of it to equilibrate the loss that is felt through excessive drinking.

For diuretics this vitamin B may be lost through excessive urination, hence the intake of Thiamin is recommended for them.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) acts as an antioxidant thereby protects our immune system. Any person with a busy dynamic life style probably requires more Vitamin B2 inorder to keep them healthy because it is mainly concerned with the meal metabolism and production of energy.

Riboflavin has the tendency of changing the color of urine since it is used as a yellow food coloring. This is an indication of how the extra vitamin gets removed from the body.

Vitamin B3 (Niacin) is of 2 forms, one as Nicotinic acid and the other as Nicotinamide. The first of these is harmless even when used in excess which causes blushing of the skin.

Niacin is important in energy production and metabolism and thus takes care of the skin, nerves, intestines and thinking progression. For the treatment of diseases like hay fever, asthma, depression, arthritis, an overactive thyroid, and for lessening cholesterol levels this vitamin B3 can be used.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) comes under the vitamin B group that deals with energy assets of the body and helps in maintaining a healthy nervous system.

It helps in cell growth in curing tissues and also helpful in improving improve hair condition. Calcium pantothenate and Pantotheine are its derivatives which improves liver function in those persons suffering viral Hepatitis A.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) is another B vitamin which is needed for the running over 60 enzymes in the human system. It is also involved in the metabolic processes and helpful for the immune system.

The function of sex hormones is controlled by this pyridoxine by supporting the fusion of a number of brain chemicals. Vitamin B6 is essential for the fail of the amino acid homocysteine, which can amplify the danger of coronary heart disease.

Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) can be easily stored and hence present in the body in satisfactory doses. Its presence in liver, meat, oily fish, eggs and dairy produce may imply a lack of it for vegetarians and vegans.

Lack of this vitamin may cause anemia. It is considered to be important for healthy nerve function, resistance to sickness and remedial processes.

Biotin, Folic acid, Inositol, Choline and PABA (Para-aminobenzoic acid) are also the other vitamins that come under the Vitamin B-complex set and are helpfull in keeping our body fit and healthy.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is an extremely unstable vitamin, since it can be destroyed by high temperature, daytime and air. In conjunction with iron, this vitamin can be easily absorbed.


Vitamin C acts as an antioxidant which helps the growth and preservation of red blood cells, teeth, skin and bones. It is helpful in cell repair, collagen formation.

It also helps the body resist stress and infection. It increases the absorption of calcium and iron. Ascorbic acid prevent cardiovascular illness, lesser cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure.

It also fight allergic reaction and asthma, aid signs of diabetes, prevent cancer, prevent gallstones, improve male fecundity, averts osteoporosis, and holds back the progress of Parkinson's syndrome.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D( calciferol) is a fat-soluble vitamin which It is present in food, but also can be obtained by your body system when exposed with ultraviolet rays from the sun.

Vitamin D exists in more forms, each with a singular action. Some forms are rather still in the body, and have partial effect to act as a vitamin.

Vitamin D can be changed to its active hormone state with the help of liver and kidney.


Normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus can be preserved with the help of calciferol. Vitamin D aids in incorporating calcium that serves in strong bone formation.

It combines with a number of other vitamins, minerals, and hormones thereby supporting bone mineralization. Deficiency of vitamin D results in thinning of bones and thus become fragile, spongy, or deformed.

Vitamin D avoids rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults which is a skeletal syndrome that end resulting deficiencies which forms bone deterioration.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a multivitamin compound containing a class of compounds – usually named phytonadione (the plant type), menaquinone (completed in the intestines) or menadiol (a synthetic form).

Everybody knows it the anti-hemorrhage vitamin hence is not frequently incorporated in multivitamin supplements.

Vitamin K controls normal blood clotting and creation of protein. It is also essential for healthy bone growth. To avoid blood clotting or hemorrhaging the newborns are frequently given a shot of vitamin K.

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